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Version: v1.9

Visitor and Patch

ast package provides ast.Visitor interface and ast.Walk function. You can use it for traveling ast tree of compiled program.

For example if you want to collect all variable names:

package main

import (
"fmt"

"github.com/antonmedv/expr/ast"
"github.com/antonmedv/expr/parser"
)

type visitor struct {
identifiers []string
}

func (v *visitor) Enter(node *ast.Node) {}
func (v *visitor) Exit(node *ast.Node) {
if n, ok := (*node).(*ast.IdentifierNode); ok {
v.identifiers = append(v.identifiers, n.Value)
}
}

func main() {
tree, err := parser.Parse("foo + bar")
if err != nil {
panic(err)
}

visitor := &visitor{}
ast.Walk(&tree.Node, visitor)

fmt.Printf("%v", visitor.identifiers) // outputs [foo bar]
}

Patch‚Äč

Implemented visitor can be applied before compiling AST to bytecode in expr.Compile function.

program, err := expr.Compile(code, expr.Patch(&visitor{}))

This can be useful for some edge cases, there you want to extend functionality of Expr language. In next example we are going to replace expression list[-1] with list[len(list)-1].

package main

import (
"fmt"

"github.com/antonmedv/expr"
"github.com/antonmedv/expr/ast"
)

func main() {
env := map[string]interface{}{
"list": []int{1, 2, 3},
}

code := `list[-1]` // will output 3

program, err := expr.Compile(code, expr.Env(env), expr.Patch(&patcher{}))
if err != nil {
panic(err)
}

output, err := expr.Run(program, env)
if err != nil {
panic(err)
}
fmt.Print(output)
}

type patcher struct{}

func (p *patcher) Enter(_ *ast.Node) {}
func (p *patcher) Exit(node *ast.Node) {
n, ok := (*node).(*ast.IndexNode)
if !ok {
return
}
unary, ok := n.Index.(*ast.UnaryNode)
if !ok {
return
}
if unary.Operator == "-" {
ast.Patch(&n.Index, &ast.BinaryNode{
Operator: "-",
Left: &ast.BuiltinNode{Name: "len", Arguments: []ast.Node{n.Node}},
Right: unary.Node,
})
}

}

Type information is also available. Here is an example, there all fmt.Stringer interface automatically converted to string type.

package main

import (
"fmt"
"reflect"

"github.com/antonmedv/expr"
"github.com/antonmedv/expr/ast"
)

func main() {
code := `Price == "$100"`

program, err := expr.Compile(code, expr.Env(Env{}), expr.Patch(&stringerPatcher{}))
if err != nil {
panic(err)
}

env := Env{100_00}

output, err := expr.Run(program, env)
if err != nil {
panic(err)
}
fmt.Print(output)
}

type Env struct {
Price Price
}

type Price int

func (p Price) String() string {
return fmt.Sprintf("$%v", int(p)/100)
}

var stringer = reflect.TypeOf((*fmt.Stringer)(nil)).Elem()

type stringerPatcher struct{}

func (p *stringerPatcher) Enter(_ *ast.Node) {}
func (p *stringerPatcher) Exit(node *ast.Node) {
t := (*node).Type()
if t == nil {
return
}
if t.Implements(stringer) {
ast.Patch(node, &ast.MethodNode{
Node: *node,
Method: "String",
})
}

}